The Human Thread

Tag Archives: Bangladesh

Brands must stay the course with the Bangladesh Accord

January 01, 2018

Author: editor

Category: Assess

Accord-logo-bigStatement endorsed by 147 investors representing $3.7 trillion appeals to global brands to recommit to three-year extension to fulfill Accord’s mandate to remediate fire and safety violations in apparel sector.

Members of the Bangladesh Investor Initiative issued a statement today calling on companies sourcing from the Bangladesh apparel sector to renew their commitment to protect worker health and safety by endorsing the three-year extension of the Accord on Fire and Building Safety in Bangladesh (Accord).

The investors, including Seventh Generation Interfaith Coalition for Responsible Investment and its members, say additional time is needed to complete the remediation plans and worker training indicated by audits at the over 1,600 factories covered by the Accord. The statement will accompany letters being sent to the 160 companies that have not yet become signatories to the three-year extension of the Accord, urging them to participate.

The investors are part of the Bangladesh Investor Initiative organized by the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility to press brands and retailers sourcing in Bangladesh to join the Accord and remediate human rights risks in their supply chains. The statement was endorsed by 147 institutional investors that collectively represent $3.7 trillion in managed assets.

Said Henrike Kulmann of Allianz Global Investors GmbH, “The new agreement between global trade unions and companies ensures that the industry continues to remediate safety issues found in garment factories and build effective worker safety committees. They are an important component to mitigating risks to workers and supply chain disruption as well as reputational risks to global brands sourcing in Bangladesh. We call on all companies sourcing from Bangladesh to become Accord signatories to mitigate these serious human rights and business risks.”

For the 1,600 factories have been inspected under the Accord, 82 percent of the identified safety issues have been fixed, the majority of them electrical. “Investors have been particularly pleased to see that, in addition to fixing specific problems, the Accord has worked to address the systemic issues that led to disasters like Rana Plaza,” said Lauren Compere of Boston Common Asset Management, “It is critical to ensure that future safety problems are detected before they become life-threatening events. The detailed comprehensive work achieved by the Accord is a positive signal to investors that safety risks are being carefully and sustainably managed.”

The investor statement recommends brands undertake the following:

  1. Accord companies, who have yet to sign the 2018 Accord, do so during the first Quarter of this year.
  2. Companies that were part of the Alliance, which is disbanding in 2018, join the Accord and therefore maximize collective leverage to complete safety reforms and strengthen action to build the capacity of the Bangladesh government’s oversight of worker safety by 2021.
  3. Brands and retailers sourcing in the garment sector expand safety inspections to knitting, spinning & weaving; washing, dyeing & printing facilities; embroidery & accessories; home textiles; leather and footwear.
  4. Brands, retailers and other stakeholders strengthen the National Tripartite Plan of Action on Fire Safety and Structural Integrity in Bangladesh’s garment sector to ensure an integrated approach to promoting fire safety and building integrity, and to provide a platform for stakeholders engaged in fire safety initiatives.

“To date, only 60 of the 220 signatories of the Accord have signed the new agreement to extend the program until May 2021,” stated David Schilling, senior program director of ICCR. “While much has been achieved in making garment factories in Bangladesh safer, there is more to be done, including the establishment of worker safety committees in each factory. The success of the Accord to date is built on the unprecedented collective action of brands and trade unions. Continued solidarity is needed to finish the job and prevent hard-earned gains from disappearing.”

Pope’s Visit to Bangladesh

December 12, 2017

Author: editor

Category: Learn

Rosaline CostaRosaline Costa has worked at the office of the Justice, Peace and Human Rights under the Justice and Peace Commission of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Bangladesh for 30 years, from June 1986 up to the date she left Bangladesh in early July 2016. The Commission’s working area was not only in Bangladesh but South and South-East Asia also. During this time, Rosaline worked extensively for women garment workers, on issues of child labor, and on behalf of religious and ethnic minorities.

A guest post from Rosaline Costa

The blessings of Pope Francis for Bangladesh is a special grace today not only for the Catholic Christian community but as a whole for the people of the country. His presence has been so important today in my opinion because the country has been going through several important and long-term crises – political unrest and power games, human rights violations for the religious minorities, a huge influx of Rohingya refugees, the plight of garment workers, poverty, and, worst of all, the rapid growth of Islamic extremism. Ordinary people, the majority of a population of 160 million people, are helpless. At this very critical time the Pope’s visit to Bangladesh, his speeches, the Holy Mass, meeting with inter-religious groups and the Rohingya representatives have brought a kind of hope, relaxation and peace among people.

In three days of addresses delivered in Bangladesh, never did Pope Francis assert that his visit was only for the Christians, but for all people. He spoke in favor of dialogue, peaceful living together, patience, cooperation, and unity in diverse religious beliefs. The following quotation struck me very deeply:

The words we have heard, but also the songs and dances, that had enlivened our assembly, have spoken to us eloquently of the yearning for harmony, fraternity and peace embodied in the teachings of the world’s religions. May our meeting this afternoon be a clear sign of the efforts of the leaders and the followers of the religions present in this country to live together in mutual respect and goodwill.

He further stressed on the cooperation among people of different faiths. He said:

It is a particularly gratifying sign of our times that believers and all people of good will feel increasingly call to cooperate in shaping a culture of encounter, dialogue and cooperation in the service of our human family. This entails more than mere tolerance. It challenges us to reach out to others in mutual trust and understanding, and so to build a unity that sees diversity not as a threat, but as a potential source of enrichment and growth. It challenges us to cultivate an openness of heart that views others as an avenue, not a barrier.

Pope Francis spoke indirectly to protect the environment, respect the workers, remembered the tragic collapse of Rana Plaza, among other concerns. While speaking about the political corruption he said, “How much our world needs heart to beat strongly, to counter the virus of political corruption, destructive religious ideologies and the temptation to turn a blind eye to the needs of the poor, refugees, persecuted minorities and those who are most vulnerable.”

The Pope stressed praying for one another and empathy to preserve peace among people of different faiths. I heard of some non-Christians giving important reactions to the visit of Pope in Bangladesh. Among them, some Muslim youths expressed their heartfelt hope that the Pope’s visit will bring unity and cooperation among people.

I feel also that no other religious leader would carry as much influence as Pope Francis did in Bangladesh and Myanmar. Previously, no other religious leader was approached by wide swaths of people. Yes, the Dalai Lama is one, but I have not seen him surrounded by massive and diverse people like Pope Francis during his Papal Visit in South Asia.

I am sure this visit will bring changes among the ordinary people but I have a question in my mind how long our Catholic and Christian religious leaders and the political leaders will be able to preserve memorable events. Will they be as before, running after power, name and fame, instead of thinking for the people for whom they have been called, or will they have heart to put into practice in their own life of what Pope has said and something of the life that he leads?

Report: Global Pollution Kills One in Six People

October 10, 2017

Author: editor

Category: Learn

Air_Pollution_in_DhakaAn extraordinary new medical study reveals that pollution kills nine million people every year. Put another way, that is at least one of every six deaths on the planet, and the tally could be higher as the consequences of pollution remain poorly understood.

The report from The Lancet Commission on pollution and health makes a stark claim:

Pollution disproportionately kills the poor and the vulnerable. Nearly 92% of pollution-related deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries and, in countries at every income level, disease caused by pollution is most prevalent among minorities and the marginalised. Children are at high risk of pollution-related disease and even extremely low-dose exposures to pollutants during windows of vulnerability in utero and in early infancy can result in disease, disability, and death in childhood and across their lifespan.

The Lancet, a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal, is one of the world’s oldest and best known general medical journals.

One graphic from the study illustrates the global impact of pollution deaths by country:

Figure 8 Number of deaths per 100 000 people that are attributable to all forms of pollution, 2015 GBD Study, 2016.42

Figure 8
Number of deaths per 100 000 people that are attributable to all forms of pollution, 2015
GBD Study, 2016.42

While the study does not make this claim, it does not surprise us, given the garment industry’s vast contribution to the world’s pollution, that countries that make a lot of clothes also have a lot of people die from pollution with India and Bangladesh among the highest per capita deaths attributable to pollution. Again, while the study does not make a formal empirical correlation, it may not be too strong to say that “our clothing kills.” Pollution from chemicals in cotton fields, from the petroleum-based synthetic fibers, from the dyes, and from the disposal of our clothing in landfills, creates a deadly toxic mess.

The Guardian provided an excellent summary of the study here.

A one-page info-graphic, provided by The Lancet, about the studies finding can be found here.

Details announced for Papal Visit to Bangladesh

October 10, 2017

Author: editor

Category: Learn

Yesterday, the Vatican Press Office released the program for the Apostolic Visit of His Holiness Francis to Myanmar and Bangladesh (November 26 to December 2, 2017). The full calendar can be found here.

Here at The Human Thread, we have our eyes focused on this visit. Catholic News Service has a summary of the highlights of the program here. While nothing on the official calendar commits Pope Francis to speaking directly about the conditions of garment workers, he will be visiting the National Martyrs’ Memorial in Savar, the same community northwest of Dhaka where the Rana Plaza building once stood.

For obvious reasons, the ongoing Rohingya crisis will dominate the headlines, but Pope Francis’ visit to two extremely poor countries will likely elevate solidarity, care for creation, and human rights in unexpected ways.